Professor of Psychology and Politics
John T. Jost is Professor of Psychology and Politics and Co-Director of the Center for Social and Political Behavior at New York University. His research, which addresses stereotyping, prejudice, political ideology, and system justification theory, has been funded by the National Science Foundation and has appeared in top scientific journals and received national and international media attention. He has published over 130 journal articles and book chapters and four co-edited book volumes, including Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification (Oxford, 2009). He has received numerous honors and awards, including the Gordon Allport Intergroup Relations Prize, Erik Erikson Award for Early Career Research Achievement in Political Psychology, International Society for Self and Identity Early Career Award, Society for Personality and Social Psychology Theoretical Innovation Prize, Society of Experimental Social Psychology Career Trajectory Award, and the Morton Deutsch Award for Distinguished Scholarly and Practical Contributions to Social Justice. He has served on several editorial boards and executive committees of professional societies and is currently editor of the Oxford University Press book series on Political Psychology. He is a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology and the Association of Psychological Science
Ph.D. 1995, Yale University (Social Psychology)
Professor of Psychology and Politics (Associated Appointment), New York University
Selected Awards and Honors:
Vice President, International Society of Political Psychology, 2013-2015
Series Editor, Book Series on Political Psychology, Oxford University Press, 2007-present
Jost, J.T., Kay, A.C., & Thorisdottir, H. (Eds.) (2009). Social and psychological bases of ideology and system justification.New York : Oxford University Press. [Political Psychology series]
Jost, J.T., Banaji, M.R., & Prentice, D. (Eds.) (2004). Perspectivism in social psychology: The yin and yang of scientific progress. Washington, DC: APA Press.
Jost, J.T., & Sidanius, J. (Eds.) (2004). Political psychology: Key readings. New York: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
Jost, J.T., & Major, B. (Eds.) (2001). The psychology of legitimacy: Emerging perspectives on ideology, justice, andintergroup relations. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Selected Journal Articles and Book Chapters (since 2000)
Cichocka, A. & Jost, J.T. (2014). Stripped of illusions? Exploring system justification processes in capitalist and post-Communist societies. International Journal of Psychology, 49, 6-29 (lead article). DOI: 10.1002/ijop.12011
Jost, J.T., Hawkins, C.B., Nosek, B.A., Hennes, E.P., Stern, C., Gosling, S.D., & Graham, J. (2014). Belief in a just god (and a just society): A system justification perspective on religious ideology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 34, 56-81. DOI: 10.1037/a0033220 [Special issue on “Psychology and Social Justice,” guest edited by M. Arfken & J. Yen].
Jost, J.T., Nam, H. Amodio, D., & Van Bavel, J.J. (2014). Political neuroscience: The beginning of a beautiful friendship. Advances in political psychology (Vol. 35, Supplement 1), 3-42. doi: 10.1111/pops.12162 [Lead article, inaugural issue]
Van der Toorn, J., Feinberg, M., Jost, J.T., Kay, A.C., Tyler, T.R., Willer, R., & Wilmuth, C. (2014). A sense of powerlessness fosters system justification: Implications for the legitimation of authority, hierarchy, and government. Political Psychology.
Costa-Lopes, R., Dovidio, J.F., Pereira, C.R., & Jost, J.T. (2013). Social psychological perspectives on the legitimation of social inequality: Past, present, and future. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 229-237.
Jost, J.T., Federico, C.M., & Napier, J.L. (2013). Political ideologies and their social psychological functions. In M. Freeden (Ed.), Oxford handbook of political ideologies (pp. 232-250). New York: Oxford University Press.
Jost, J.T., Hennes, E.P., & Lavine, H. (2013). “Hot” political cognition: Its self-, group, and system-serving purposes. In D. Carlston (Ed.), Oxford handbook of social cognition (pp. 851-875). New York: Oxford University Press.
Krosch, A.R., Bernsten, L., Amodio, D.M., Jost, J.T., & Van Bavel, J.J. (2013). On the ideology of hypodescent: Political conservatism predicts categorization of racially ambiguous faces as black. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 1196-1203.
McGuire, W.J. (2013). An additional future for psychological science. (Edited with an introduction by J.T. Jost). Perspective on Psychological Science, 8, 414-423.
Nam, H. Jost, J.T., & Van Bavel, J.J. (2013). “Not for all the tea in China!” Political ideology and the avoidance of dissonance-arousing situation. PloS ONE 8(4): e59837. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059837
Stern, C., West, T.V., Jost, J.T., & Rule, N.O. (2013). The politics of gaydar: Ideological differences in the use of gendered cues in categorizing sexual orientation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 104, 520-5410
Vaccari, C., Valeriani, A., Barberá, P., Bonneau, R., Jost, J.T., Nagler, J., & Tucker, J. (2013). Social media and political communication: A survey of Twitter users during the 2013 Italian general election. Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica/Italian Political Science Review, XLIII, 381-410. doi: 10.1426/75245
Jost, J. T., & Amodio, D. M. (2012). Political ideology as motivated social cognition: Behavioral and neuroscientific evidence. Motivation and Emotion, 36, 55-64.
Jost, J.T., Chaikalis-Petritsis, V., Abrams, D., Sidanius, J., van der Toorn, J., & Bratt, C. (2012). Why men (and women) do and don’t rebel: Effects of system justification on willingness to protest. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38,197-208.
Jost, J.T., & van der Toorn, J. (2012). System justification theory. In P.A.M. van Lange, A.W. Kruglanski, & E.T. Higgins (Eds.),Handbook of theories of social psychology. (Vol. 2, pp. 313-343.) London: Sage.
Hennes, E.P., Nam, H.H., Stern, C., & Jost, J.T. (2012). Not all ideologies are created equal: Epistemic, existential, and relational needs predict system-justifying attitudes. Social Cognition, 30, 669-688.
Solak, N., Jost, J.T., Sümer, N., & Clore, G. (2012). Rage against the machine: The case for system-level emotions. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 6, 674-690.
Calogero, R., & Jost, J.T. (2011). Self-subjugation among women: Exposure to sexist ideology, self-objectification, and the protective function of the need to avoid closure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 211-228.
Jost, J.T. (2011). System justification theory as compliment, complement, and corrective to theories of social identification and social dominance. In D. Dunning (Ed.), Social motivation (pp. 223-263). New York: Psychology Press.
Jost, J.T., & Hardin, C.D. (2011). On the structure and dynamics of human thought: The legacy of William J. McGuire for social and political psychology. Political Psychology, 32, 21-57.
Liviatan, I., & Jost, J.T. (2011). System justification theory: Motivated social cognition in the service of the status quo. Social Cognition, 29 , 231-237.
Ledgerwood, A., Mandisodza, A., Jost, J.T., & Pohl, M. (2011). Working for the system: Motivated defense of meritocratic beliefs. Social Cognition, 29, 322-340.
Thorisdottir, H., & Jost, J.T. (2011). Motivated closed-mindedness mediates the effect of threat on political conservatism.Political Psychology, 32, 785-811.
Van der Toorn, J., Tyler, T.R., & Jost, J.T. (2011). More than fair: Outcome dependence, system justification, and the perceived legitimacy of authority. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 127-138.
Wakslak, C.J., Jost, J.T., & Bauer, P. (2011). Spreading rationalization: Increased support for large-scale and small-scale social systems following system threat, Social Cognition, 29-288-302.
Feygina, I., Jost, J.T., & Goldsmith, R. (2010). System justification, the denial of global warming, and the possibility of “system-sanctioned change.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 326-338.
Jost, J.T., & Kay, A.C. (2010). Social justice: History, theory, and research. In S.T. Fiske, D. Gilbert, & G. Lindzey (Eds.),Handbook of social psychology (5th edition, Vol. 2, pp. 1122-1165). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Napier, J.L., Thorisdottir, H., & Jost, J.T. (2010). The joy of sexism? A multinational investigation of hostile and benevolent justifications for gender inequality and their relation to subjective well-being. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 62, 405-419.
Jost, J.T., Liviatan, I., van der Toorn, J., Ledgerwood, A., Mandisodza, A., & Nosek, B.A. (2010). System justification: How do we know it's motivated? In R. Bobocel et al. (Eds.), The psychology of justice and legitimacy: The Ontario symposium (Vol. 11, pp.173-203). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Van der Toorn, J., Berkics, M., & Jost, J.T. (2010). System justification, satisfaction, and perceptions of fairness and typicality at work: A cross-system comparison involving the U.S. and Hungary. Social Justice Research, 23, 189-210.
Jost, J.T., Rudman, L.A., Blair, I.V., Carney, D., Dasgupta, N., Glaser, J. & Hardin, C.D. (2009). The existence of implicit bias is beyond reasonable doubt: A refutation of ideological and methodological objections and executive summary of ten studies that no manager should ignore. Research in Organizational Behavior, 29, 39-69
Jost, J.T. (2009). "Elective affinities": On the psychological bases of left-right ideological differences. Psychological Inquiry,20, 129-141.
Jost, J.T., & Jost, L.J. (2009). Virtue ethics and the social psychology of character: Philosophical lessons from the person-situation debate. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 253-254. [Special issue on "Personality & Assessment at Age 40"]
Rankin, L., Jost, J.T., & Wakslak, C.J. (2009). System justification and the meaning of life: Are the existential benefits of ideology distributed unevenly across racial groups? Social Justice Research, 22, 312-333.
Jost, J.T., West, T.V., & Gosling, S.D. (2009). Personality and ideology as determinants of candidate preferences and "Obama conversion" in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. The Dubois Review: Social Science on Race, 6, 103-124.
Kay, A.C., Czáplinski, S., & Jost, J.T. (2009). Left-right ideological differences in system justification following exposure to complementary versus noncomplementary stereotype exemplars. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 290-298.
Carney, D.R., Jost, J.T., & Gosling, S.D. & Potter, J. (2008). The secret lives of liberals and conservatives: Personality profiles, interaction styles, and the things they leave behind. Political Psychology, 29, 807-840
Napier, J.L., & Jost, J.T. (2008). Why are conservatives happier than liberals? Psychological Science, 19, 565-572.
Napier, J.L., & Jost, J.T. (2008). The “anti-democratic personality” revisited: A cross-national investigation of working class authoritarianism. Journal of Social Issues, 64, 595-617.
Hunyady, O., Josephs, L., & Jost, J.T. (2008). Priming the primal scene: Betrayal trauma, narcissism, and attitudes toward sexual infidelity. Self & Identity, 7, 278-294.
Jost, J.T., Ledgerwood, A., & Hardin, C.D. (2008). Shared reality, system justification, and the relational basis of ideological beliefs. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 171-186
Jost, J.T., Pietrzak, J., Liviatan, I. , Mandisodza, A., & Napier, J. (2008). System justification as conscious and nonconsciousgoal pursuit. In J. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.), Handbook of Motivation Science. New York : Guilford
Mentovich, A., & Jost, J.T. (2008). The ideological “id”? System justification and the unconscious perpetuation of inequality. Connecticut Law Review, 40, 1095-1116.
Smith, P.K., Jost, J.T., & Vijay, R. (2008). Legitimacy crisis? Behavioral approach and inhibition when power differences are left unexplained. Social Justice Research, 21, 358-376.
Amodio, D.M., Jost, J.T., Master, S.L., & Yee, C.M. (2007). Neurocognitive correlates of liberalism and conservatism. Nature Neuroscience, 10, 1246-1247.
Kay, A. C., Jost, J.T., Mandisodza, A.N., Sherman , S.J., Petrocelli, J.V., & Johnson, A.L. (2007). Panglossian ideology in the service of system justification: How complementary stereotypes help us to rationalize inequality. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 39, pp. 305-358). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.
Mendes, W.B., Blascovich, J., Hunter, S.B., Lickel, B. & Jost, J.T. (2007). Threatened by the unexpected: Physiological responses during social interactions with expectancy-violating partners. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 698-716
Thorisdottir, H., Jost, J.T., Liviatan, I., & Shrout, P. (2007). Psychological needs and values underlying left-right political orientation: Cross-national evidence from Eastern and Western Europe. Public Opinion Quarterly, 71, 175-203.
Tyler , T.R., & Jost, J.T. (2007). Psychology and the law: Reconciling normative and descriptive accounts of social justice and system legitimacy. In A.W. Kruglanski & E.T. Higgins (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (2nd ed., pp. 807-825). New York : Guilford .
Wakslak, C., Jost, J.T., Tyler, T.R., & Chen, E. (2007). Moral outrage mediates the dampening effect of system justification on support for redistributive social policies. Psychological Science, 18, 267-274.
Jost, J.T. (2006). The end of the end of ideology. American Psychologist, 61, 651-670. (Awarded the SPSSI Gordon AllportPrize)
Blasi, G., & Jost, J.T. (2006). System justification theory and research: Implications for law, legal advocacy, and social justice.California Law Review, 94, 1119-1168.
Bonanno, G.A., & Jost, J.T. (2006). Conservative shift among high-exposure survivors of the September 11th terrorist attacks.Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 311-323.
Mandisodza, A., Jost, J.T., & Unzueta, M. (2006). "Tall poppies" and "American dreams": Reactions to rich and poor in Australia and the U.S.A. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 659-668
Napier, J., Mandisodza, A., Andersen, S.M., & Jost, J.T. (2006). System justification in responding to the poor and displaced in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 6, 57-73.
Jost, J.T., & Hunyady, O. (2005). Antecedents and consequences of system-justifying ideologies. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 260-265.
Jost, J.T., & Kay, A.C. (2005). Exposure to benevolent sexism and complementary gender stereotypes: Consequences for specific and diffuse forms of system justification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 498-509.
Jost, J.T., Kivetz, Y., Rubini, M., Guermandi, G., & Mosso, C. (2005). System-justifying functions of complementary regional and ethnic stereotypes: Cross-national evidence. Social Justice Research, 18, 305-333.
Kay, A.C., Jost, J.T., & Young, S. (2005). Victim derogation and victim enhancement as alternate routes to system justification. Psychological Science, 16, 240-246.
Jost, J.T., & Hamilton, D.L. (2005). Stereotypes in our culture. In J. Dovidio, P. Glick, & L. Rudman (Eds.), On the Nature of Prejudice: Fifty years after Allport (pp. 208-224). Oxford: Blackwell.
Jost, J.T., Banaji, M.R., & Nosek, B.A. (2004). A decade of system justification theory: Accumulated evidence of conscious and unconscious bolstering of the status quo. Political Psychology, 25, 881-919. Italian Translation
Jost, Fitzsimons, & Kay (2004). The ideological animal: A system justification view. In J. Greenberg, S.L. Koole, & T.Pyszczynski (Eds.) Handbook of experimental existential psychology (pp. 263-282). New York: Guilford Press.
Overbeck, J., Jost, J.T., Mosso, C., & Flizik, A. (2004). Resistant vs. acquiescent responses to group inferiority as a function of social dominance orientation in the USA and Italy. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 7, 35-54.
Kay, A.C., & Jost, J.T. (2003). Complementary justice: Effects of "poor but happy" and "poor but honest" sterotype exemplars on system justification and implicit activation of the justice motive. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 823-837.
Jost, J.T., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A.W., & Sulloway, F. (2003a). Political conservatism as motivated social cognition.Psychological Bulletin, 129, 339-375. Hungarian Translation.
Jost, J.T., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A.W., & Sulloway, F. (2003b). Exceptions that prove the rule: Using a theory of motivated social cognition to account for ideological incongruities and political anomalies. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 383-393.
Blair, I.V., & Jost, J.T. (2003). Exit, loyalty, and collective action among workers in a simulated business environment: Interactive effects of group identification and boundary permeability. Social Justice Research, 16, 95-108.
Jost, J.T., Blount, S., Pfeffer, J., & Hunyady, Gy. (2003). Fair market ideology: Its cognitive-motivational underpinnings.Research in Organizational Behavior, 25, 53-91.
Jost, J.T., Pelham, B.W., Sheldon, O., & Sullivan, B.N. (2003). Social inequality and the reduction of ideological dissonance on behalf of the system: Evidence of enhanced system justification among the disadvantaged. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 13-36. Hungarian Translation
Jost, J.T., Pelham, B.W., & Carvallo, M. (2002). Non-conscious forms of system justification: Cognitive, affective, and behavioral preferences for higher status groups. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 586-602. Hungarian Translation
Kay, A., Jimenez, M.C., & Jost, J.T. (2002). Sour grapes, sweet lemons, and the anticipatory rationalization of the status quo.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1300-1312.
Jost, J.T., & Hunyady, O. (2002). The psychology of system justification and the palliative function of ideology. European Review of Social Psychology, 13, 111-153. (Awarded the SPSP Theoretical Innovation Prize)
Jost, J.T., & Kruglanski, A.W. (2002). The estrangement of social constructionism and experimental social psychology: History of the rift and prospects for reconciliation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 168-187. Italian Translation (abridged)
Jost, J.T. (2001). Outgroup favoritism and the theory of system justification: An experimental paradigm for investigating the effects of socio-economic success on stereotype content. In G. Moskowitz (Ed.), Cognitive social psychology: The Princetonsymposium on the legacy and future of social cognition (pp. 89-102). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Hungarian Translation
Jost, J.T., Burgess, D., & Mosso, C. (2001). Conflicts of legitimation among self, group, and system: The integrative potential of system justification theory. In J.T. Jost and B. Major (Eds.), The psychology of legitimacy: Emerging perspectives on ideology, justice, and intergroup relations (pp. 363-388). New York: Cambridge University Press. Hungarian Translation
Stangor, C., Sechrist, G.B., & Jost, J.T. (2001). Changing racial beliefs by providing consensus information. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 486-496.
Zuckerman, E., & Jost, J.T. (2001). What makes you think you're so popular? Self-evaluation maintenance and the subjective side of the "friendship paradox." Social Psychology Quarterly, 64, 207-223.
Haines, E.L., & Jost, J.T. (2000). Placating the powerless: Effects of legitimate and illegitimate explanation on affect, memory, and stereotyping. Social Justice Research, 13, 219-236. Hungarian Translation
Jost, J.T., & Burgess, D. (2000). Attitudinal ambivalence and the conflict between group and system justification motives in low status groups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 293-305.
Jost, J.T., & Thompson, E.P. (2000). Group-based dominance and opposition to equality as independent predictors of self-esteem, ethnocentrism, and social policy attitudes among African Americans and European Americans. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 209-232. Hungarian Translation
Opinion - Editorials
Research on Stereotyping, Predudice and System Justification Theory:
After the Financial Meltdown, Where's America's Outrage?
Research on Political Ideology:
Born This Way (New York Magazine)
Book Reviews of The Psychology of Legitimacy: Emerging Perspectives on Ideology, Justice, and Intergroup Relations
Book Review of Michael Shermer's The Believing Brain by John T. Jost
Book Review of Phil Tetlock’s Expert Political Judgment by John T Jost
Tributes to William J.McGuire (1925-2007)
John T. Jost
Department of Psychology