New York University
Department of Psychology
New York University
PhD in Psychology, 2014
BA in Psychology and English
My research primarily explores the influence of acute stress on the capacity to regulate emotional responses, specifically in the domain of conditioned fear. Although a broad range of research has characterized emotion regulation processes in healthy individuals, relatively little focus has been placed on how stress exposure, such as that encountered in everyday life, may alter our capacity to control fear responses. Emerging work across species suggests that even mild exposure to stress engenders profound changes to the neural circuitry widely shown to support the inhibition of fear, suggesting that the flexible control of fear responses may be impaired after stress exposure. Since fear learning and regulation is a prominent model for how dysfunctional emotional processing can lead to affective psychopathology, my research aims to understand how stress alters these regulatory processes both to probe the efficacy of these regulation techniques under stressful conditions in healthy populations and to improve potential treatment options for clinical populations marked by anxiety and stress-related psychopathology.
Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2015) The influence of stress on the regulation of conditioned fear. Neurobiology of Stress, 1, 134-46.
Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (in press) Observational fear learning. In A.W. Toga, & M. D. Lieberman (eds.) Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference. Elsevier: Oxford.
Kubota, J.T., Mojdehbakhsh, R., Raio, C.M., Brosch, T., Uleman, J.S., and Phelps, E.A. (2014) Stressing the person and not the situation: Person attributions under stress. Biological Psychology, 103, 117-124.
Raio, C.M., Brigoni-Perez, E., Goldman, R., & Phelps, E.A. (2014) Acute stress impairs the retrieval of extinction memory in humans. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 112, 212-221.
Steinfurth, E.C.K., Kanen, J.W., Raio, C.M., Clem, R., Huganir, R. and Phelps, E.A. (2014) Recent and remote Pavlovian fear memories can be modified with extinction training during reconsolidation in humans. Learning & Memory, 21(7), 338-341.
Otto, A.R., Raio, C.M., Chiang, A., Phelps, E.A., and Daw, N. (2013) Acute stress effects on model-based versus model-free reinforcement learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi:10.1073/pnas.1312011110.
Raio, C.M., Orederu, T., Palazzolo, L., Shurick, A., and Phelps, E.A. (2013) Cognitive emotion regulation fails the stress test. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(37), 15139-15144.
Raio*, C.M., Carmel*, D., Carrasco, M., and Phelps, E.A. (2012) Unconscious fear: Quickly acquired, swiftly forgotten. Current Biology, 22, 477-479.
* = equal contribution
Schiller, D., Raio, C.M., and Phelps, E.A. (2012) Extinction training during the reconsolidation window prevents recovery of fear. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 66, e3893, DOI: 10.3791/3893.
Schiller, D., Monfils, M., Raio, C.M., Johnson, D., LeDoux, J.E., and Phelps, E.A. (2010) Blocking the return of fear in humans using reconsolidation update mechanisms. Nature, 463(7277), 49-53.
Sharot, T., Riccardi, A.M., Raio, C.M., and Phelps, E.A. (2007). Neural mechanisms mediating optimism bias. Nature, 450, 102-106.