New York University
Department of Psychology & Center for Neural Science
University of Amsterdam
BSc in Psychology, 2007
University of Utrecht
MSc in Neuroscience & Cognition, 2008
PhD in Neuroscience, 2013, Cum Laude
PhD Supervisors: Dr. Guillen Fernandez & Dr. Bryan Strange
My research focuses on the dynamic nature of memory. Following encoding memories are initially labile but stabilized over time during a process known as consolidation. For a long time memories were thought to be insensitive to further alteration once consolidation is completed. Our work has contributed to a change in this view on memory. Using neuroimaging in combination with pharmacological and genetic approaches we have shown that memories can be altered upon reactivation. This opens up potential novel avenues for the treatment of traumatic memories that contribute to anxiety disorders.
Kroes, M.C.W.*, Dunsmoor, J.E.*, Mackey, W., McClay, M., Kleefeld, P., & Phelps, E.A. (in prep). Pure context threat conditioning in humans using commercially available immersive Virtual Reality.
Kroes M.C.W., Dunsmoor, J.E., Lin Q., & Phelps, E.A. (submitted). An isolated reminder selectively and retroactively strengthens, but does not disrupt, memory for threatening events.
Dunsmoor, J.E., Kroes, M.C.W., Braren, S., & Phelps, E.A. (under review). The effects of threat intensity on fear learning and generalization.
FeldmanHall, O., Dunsmoor, J.E.*, Kroes, M.C.W.*, Lackovic, S., & Phelps, E.A. (under review). Associative learning of social value in dynamic groups.
Klumpers, F., Kroes, M.C.W., Baas, J., & Fernández, G. (under review). How human amygdala and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis may drive distinct defensive responses.
Takashima, A., van der Ven, F., Kroes, M.C.W., & Fernández, G. (in press). Retrieved emotional context influences hippocampal involvement during recognition of neutral memories. Neuroimage
Kroes, M.C.W., Tona, K., den Ouden, H.E.M., Vogel, S., van Wingen, G.A. & Fernández, G. (2016). How noradrenergic blockade during extinction can prevent the return of fear. Neuropsychopharmacology, 41(6), 1569-1578.
Vogel, S., Klumpers, F., Kroes, M.C.W., Oplaat, K.T., Krugers, H.J., Oitzl, M.S., Joëls, M., & Fernández G (2015). A stress-induced shift from trace to delay conditioning depends on the mineralocorticoid receptor. Biological Psychiatry, 78(12), 830-839.
Wagner, I.C., van Buuren, M., Kroes, M.C.W., Gutteling, T., van der Linden, M., Morris, R.G., & Fernández G (2015). The angular gyrus binds the contents underlying mental schemas upon memory retrieval. eLife, e09668.
Klumpers, F.*, Kroes, M.C.W.*, Heitland, I., Everaerd, D., Akkermans, S.E.A., Oosting, R.S., van Wingen, G., Franke, B., Kenemans, J.L., Fernández, G. & Baas J.M.P. (2015). Dorsomedial prefrontal cortex mediates the impact of serotonin transporter linked polymorphic region genotype to anticipatory threat reactivation. Biological Psychiatry, 78(8), 582-589.
van Buuren, M., Kroes, M.C.W., Wagner, I.C., Genzel, L., Morris, R.G. & Fernández, G. (2014). Initial investigation of the effects of an experimentally learned schema on spatial associative memory in humans. Journal of Neuroscience 34(50), 166620-166670.
Kroes, M.C.W., van Wingen, G.A., van Waarde, J., Teldolkar, I., Strange, B.A. & Fernández, G. (2014). An electroconvulsive therapy procedure impairs reconsolidation of emotional episodic memories in humans. Nature Neuroscience, 17(2), 204-206.
Genzel, L., Kroes, M.C.W., Dresler, M. & Battaglia FP (2013). Light sleep vs. slow wave sleep in memory consolidation: A question of global vs. local processes? Trends in Neuroscience, 37(1), 10-19.
Kroes, M.C.W., van Wingen, G.A., Wittwer, J., Mohajeri, M.H., Kloek, J. & Fernández, G. (2013). Food can lift mood by affecting mood-regulating neurocircuits via a serotonergic mechanism. Neuroimage, 84, 825-832.
Whalley, M.G., Kroes, M.C.W., Huntley, Z., Rugg, M.D. & Brewin, C.R. (2012). An fMRI investigation of Posttraumatic Flashbacks. Brain and Cognition, 81(1), 151-159.
Kroes, M.C.W. & Fernández, G. (2012). Dynamic neural systems enable flexible, adaptive memories. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, 36(7), 1646-1666.
Kroes, M.C.W., Rugg, M.D., Whalley, M.G. & Brewin, C.R. (2011). Association between Flashbacks and Structural Brain Abnormalities in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. European Psychiatry, 26(8), 525-31.
Kroes, M.C.W., Rugg, M.D., Whalley, M.G. & Brewin, C.R. (2011). Structural brain abnormalities common to posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 36(4), 256-265.
Fernandez, G. & Kroes, M.C.W. (2010). Protecting endangered memories. Nature Neuroscience, 13(4), 408-410.
Kroes, M.C.W., Strange, B.A. & Dolan, R.J. (2010). Beta-adrenergic blockade during memory retrieval in humans evokes a sustained reduction of declarative emotional memory enhancement. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(11), 3959-3963.
Strange, B.A., Kroes, M.C.W., Fan, J.E. & Dolan, R.J. (2010). Emotion causes targeted forgetting of established memories. Fronteers in Behavioural Neuroscience, 4, 175.
Bours, R.J.E., Kroes, M.C.W.& Lankheet, M.J. (2009). Sensitivity for reverse phi motion. Vision Research, 49(1): 1-9.
Strange, B.A., Kroes, M.C.W., Roiser, J.P., Tan, G.C.Y. & Dolan, R.J. (2008). Emotion-induced retrograde amnesia is determined by a 5-HTT genetic polymorphism. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(28): 7036-7039.
Bours, R.J.E., Kroes, M.C.W.& Lankheet, M.J. (2007). The parallel between reverse-phi and motion aftereffects. Journal of Vision, 7(11):8, 1-10.