fMRI shows persistent brain activity during a delay while the participant tries to remember the spatial position of a visual cue. Clayton Curtis.
Do intimate partners idealize their loved ones globally or only in certain domains? Gwen Seidman and Patrick Shrout.
Motion reveals depth. Jacqueline Snyder, Jeff Mulligan, and Larry Maloney.
How do babies learn what steepness they can crawl down? Karen Adolph.
How do we decide whether the ground is too slippery to walk on? Amy Joh, Karen Adolph, Margot Campbell, and Marion Eppler.
Could a vast number of people communicating by cell phone simulate a brain? Ned Block.
There are a dozen distinct, retinotopically-organized visual areas in the human brain that can be identified routinely in individual subjects. What are the functions of these brain areas and how is the neural activity in each area correlated with conscious visual experience? David Heeger.
Do extra cues to the illuminant in a scene (e.g., shadows, specularities) affect perceived surface roughness judgments? Xian Ho, Mike Landy, and Larry Maloney.
What are the psychological antecedents and consequences of political orientation? John Jost with Chadly Stern and Joanna Sterling.
How does attention affect visual processing? We used a peripheral cue to elicit an involuntary orienting of attention, and separated neural responses to the cues (blue areas) and to the stimuli (green areas) in the visual cortex. We find that attention increases neural activity, more at higher stages of visual processing. Taosheng Liu, Franco Pestilli, Marisa Carrasco, Neuron 2005.
Must vision isolate each object in order to recognize it? Can you identify any letter above without looking directly at it? Denis Pelli.
When combining two cues to target location, how should spatial uncertainty of one cue affect the ideal observer's aim? Hadley Tassinari, Todd Hudson, and Mike Landy.
Two examples of incongruent visual stimuli: a word denoting social proximity, "us," located far from the observer. Because spatial distance is associated with social distance, participants are slower to indicate the location of the arrow and to identify the word on it with incongruent stimuli than with congruent stimuli ["us" located near the observer and "them" located far from the observer] Yaacov Trope.
What are the ideas that make people feel better about inequality in society? John Jost with Hannah Nam and Sharareh Noorbaloochi
Does the brain measure distances according to a warped geometry? Nick Gustafson and Nathaniel Daw
When participants see two different images, each presented to a different eye, the images rival for perceptual dominance. Perceivers consciously experience seeing one image and inhibit conscious experience of the other. This happens within a few hundred milliseconds and outside of perceivers' conscious awareness. We predicted which image would dominate perceivers' conscious perceptual experience by associating one image with financial reward and the other with financial cost. Perceivers saw what they wanted to see--that is, they saw the image associated with reward and inhibited the images associated with cost.
Balcetis, E., Dunning, D., & Granot, Y. (2012). Subjective value determines initial dominance in binocular rivalry. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 122-129.
If you are not 100% sure whether this animal is a cat or a dog, how likely do you think it is to meow? Gregory Murphy's lab investigates how we use categories to reason about uncertain objects and events.
The distribution of local orientations in retinal images has an over-representation of the cardinal orientations (vertical and horizontal) in images of both natural and urban scenes. Do humans estimate orientation in a Bayesian fashion, combining noisy sensory data with knowledge of the distribution of orientations in the world? Ahna Girshick, Michael Landy and Eero Simoncelli
Are color and texture cues inextricably linked in solving the figure-ground problem in visual perception? Toni Saarela and Michael Landy
Is speech a special sound for humans? Athena Vouloumanos's lab examines infants' biases for speech and their understanding of communicative interactions.
What are the neural structures and functions associated with moral and political reasoning? John Jost, Jay Van Bavel, and David Amodio with Hannah Nam and Sharareh Noorbaloochi
How does social group membership shape the way we perceive faces to have minds? Leor Hackel, Christine Looser & Jay Van Bavel
Hackel, L.M., Looser, C.E., & Van Bavel, J. J., (2014). Group membership alters the threshold for mind perception: The role of social identity, collective identification, and intergroup threat. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 52, 15-23.
Cognitive Science Conference Marr Prize
Martin Braine Fellowship Award
Coons/Leibowitz Graduate Student Teaching Award
Stuart Cook Award
Friends of Katzell Fellowship for Applied Research in Psychology
Douglas and Katharine Fryer Thesis Fellowship
Katzell Fellowship in Psychology
2014 NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
2014 Chateaubriand Fellowship – Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics
2014 Young Researcher Participant, Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting for Physiology/Medicine
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