|Patrick E. Shrout|
Professor of Psychology
How can we learn about the causes and modifiers of human suffering when strong experimental methods are not ethical or feasible? One approach is to collect systematic observational data, and to attempt to identify structural relations among the variables. This approach is greatly aided by the development of sophisticated multivariate statistical methods that allow variables to be controlled statistically in mathematical models of the human suffering and psychopathology. However, such models are never perfect. They need constant scrutiny, critical appraisal, and further development. My research is on the interface of developing methodology and substantive psychological questions in mental health, specifically stress and coping.
My methodologic research has been primarily in psychometrics, sampling, and multilevel models for analysis of growth and change. Current interests include problems of model specification in logistic regression, the design of longitudinal studies, and mediation analysis. I am also particularly interested in statistical approaches to studies of dependent processes in social relationships. Finally, I am interested in the social psychology of response effects in surveys.
My current mental health research is on coping and support
processes that are available to stressed persons who have intimate
relatinships. I retain interests in mental health epidemiology,
particularly as applied to Latino populations.
I am a past President of the American Psychopathological Association, and I organized the 2008 meeting around the theme of "Causal thinking and psychopathology research". I am President-elect of the Society of Multivariate Experimental Psychology, a small research society that publishes the jounal, Multivariate Behavioral Research.
At NYU I run the NYU
Couples Research Lab in the Social Psychology area. We are carrying
out a series of studies of the costs and benefits of social support
during stressful times using diary methods. In several of the studies,
we convinced both partners in intimate relationships to tell us about
their coping, support and functioning on a daily basis for a month or
more. We are pursuing both substantive and methodological research
questions with these data. Our lab continues to collaborate with
the lab of Niall Bolger
at Columbia University.
Our current study, the College Life Study,
asks college students and their roommates to report on their lives over
the course of an academic year.
Representative Methodologic PublicationsShrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 420-428.
Shrout, P. E., & Newman, S. (1989). Design of two-phase prevalence surveys of rare disorders. Biometrics, 45, 549-555.
Shrout, P. E., & Parides, M. (1992). Conventional factor analysis as an approximation to latent trait models for dichotomous data. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 2: 55-65.
Shrout, P. E. (1993). Analyzing consensus in personality judgments: A variance components approach. Journal of Personality, 61:769-788.
Shrout, P. E. (1995). Measuring the degree of consensus in personality judgments. In P. E. Shrout & S. T. Fiske (Eds.), Advances in personality research, methods and theory: A festschrift honoring Donald W. Fiske, (pp. 79-92). Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates.
Shrout, P. E. (1997). Should significance tests be banned? Psychological Science., 8, 1-2.
Shrout, P. E., & Link, B. G. (1998). Mathematical modeling and simulation in studies of stress and adversity. In B. P. Dohrenwend (Ed.), Adversity, stress and psychopathology. (pp.427-437) New York: Oxford University Press.
Shrout, P. E. (1998). Measurement reliability and agreement in psychiatry. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 7, 301-317.
Shrout, P. E. (2002). Reliability. In M. T. Tsuang & M. Tohen (Eds.), Textbook in Psychiatric Epidemiology (second ed., pp. 131-148). New York: Wiley.
Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in
experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and
recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7(4), 422-445.
Cranford, J. A., Shrout, P. E., Iida, M., Rafaeli, E., Yip,
T., & Bolger, N. (2006). A procedure for evaluating sensitivity to
within-person change: Can mood measures in diary studies detect change
reliably? Personality and Social
Psychology Bulletin, 32(7), 917-929.
Green, A. S., Rafaeli, E., Bolger, N., Shrout, P. E. &
Reis, H.T. (2006). Paper or plastic? Data equivalence in paper
and electronic diaries. Psychological
Methods, 11(1), 87-105.
Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2007). Accounting for
statistical dependency in longitudinal data on Dyads. In Little,
T. D., Bovaird, J. A. & Card, N. A. (Eds.). Modeling ecological and contextual effects
in longitudinal studies of human development (pp. 285-298).
Mahwah, NJ: LEA.
Shrout, P.E., Alegria, M., Canino, G., Guarnaccia, P., Vega,
W.A., Duan, N., & Cao, Z. (2008). Testing language effects in
psychiatric epidemiology surveys with randomized experiments: Results
from NLAAS. American Journal
of Epidemiology, 168(3), 345-352.
Representative Substantive Publications
Shrout, P. E., Link, B. G., Dohrenwend, B. P., Skodol, A. E., Stueve, A., & Mirotznik, J. (1989). Characterizing life events as risk factors for depression: The role of fateful loss events. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 460-467.
Dohrenwend, B. P., Levav, I., Shrout, P. E., Schwartz, S., Naveh, G., Link, B. G., Skodal, A. E., & Stueve, A. (1992). Socioeconomic status and psychiatric disorders: A test of the social causation-social selection issue. Science, 255: 946-952.
Canino, G., Shrout, P.E., Alegria, M., Rubio Stipec, M., Chavez, L., Ribera, J., Bravo, M., Bauermeister, J. J., Fabregas, L., Horwath, S., & Martinez-Taboas, A. (2002). Methodological challenges in assessing children's mental health services utilization. Mental Health Services Research, 4(2), 97-107.
Kennedy, J.K., Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2002). Witnessing interparental psychological aggression in childhood: Implications for daily conflict in adult intimate relationships. Journal of Personality, 70(6), 1051-1077.
Gleason, M. E. J., Iida, M., Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2003). Daily supportive equity in close relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(6), 1036-1045.
Canino, G., Shrout, P.E., Rubio-Stipec, M., Bird, H.R.,
Bravo,M., Ramírez, R., Chavez,L., Alegría, M., Bauermeister, J.J.,
Hohmann, A., Ribera,J., García, P., Martínez-Taboas, A . (2004) DSM-IV
Rates of Child and Adolescent Disorders in Puerto Rico: Prevalence,
Correlates, Service Use and the Effects of Impairment. Archives of
General Psychiatry, 61(1), 85-93.
Seidman, G., Shrout, P. E. & Bolger, N. (2006). Why is Enacted Social Support Associated with Increased Distress? Using Simulation to Test Two Possible Sources of Spuriousness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32(1): 52-65.
Shrout, P. E., Herman, C. & Bolger, N. (2006). The
Costs and Benefits of Practical and Emotional Support on Adjustment: A
Daily Diary Study of Couples Experiencing Acute Stress. Personal Relationships, 13(1):
Bird, H. R., Shrout, P. E., Davies, M., Canino, G., Duarte, C. S., & Shen, S. et al. (2007). Longitudinal development of antisocial behaviors in young and early adolescent Puerto Rican children at two sites. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(1), 5-14.
Gleason, M. E. J., Iida, M., Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N.
(2008). Receiving support as a mixed blessing: Evidence for dual
effects of support on psychological outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 94, 824-838.
Shrout, P.E., Bolger, N., Iida, M., Burke, C., Gleason,
M.E.J., & Lane, S. (in press). The Effects of Daily Support
Transactions During Acute Stress: Results From a Diary Study of Bar
Exam Preparation. In Kieran Sullivan and Joanne Davila (Eds.), Support Processes in Intimate Relationships,
Oxford University Press.
For information about courses recently offered click here.
Patrick E. Shrout
Professor of Psychology
Department of Psychology