Professor of Psychology
How can we learn about the causes and modifiers of human
suffering when strong experimental methods are not ethical or feasible?
One approach is to collect systematic observational data, and to
attempt to identify structural relations among the variables. This
approach is greatly aided by the development of sophisticated
multivariate statistical methods that allow variables to be controlled
statistically in mathematical models of the human suffering and coping.
However, such models are never perfect. They need constant scrutiny,
critical appraisal, and further development. My research is on the
interface of developing methodology and substantive psychological
questions in social psychology, specifically social support in intimate
My methodologic research has been primarily in psychometrics, sampling,
and multilevel models for analysis of growth and change. Current
interests include problems of model specification in logistic
regression, the design of longitudinal studies, and mediation analysis.
I am also particularly interested in statistical approaches to studies
of dependent processes in social relationships. Finally, I am
interested in the social psychology of response effects in surveys.
My current social psychology research is on coping and support
processes that are available to stressed persons who have intimate
relatinships. We are trying to understand why well intented support
efforts by intimate partners sometimes have short term negative
consequences. I retain interests in mental health epidemiology,
particularly as applied to Latino populations.
I am a past President of the American
Association, and I organized the 2008 meeting
around the theme of "Causal thinking and psychopathology
research". I am also past President of the Society of Multivariate Experimental
Psychology, a small research society that publishes the jounal, Multivariate
Research. I am currently an Associate Editor of Psychological Methods,
which is published by the American Psychological Association.
At NYU I run the NYU
Couples Research Lab in the Social Psychology area. We are carrying
out a series of studies of the costs and benefits of social support
during stressful times using diary methods. In several of the studies,
we convinced both partners in intimate relationships to tell us about
their coping, support and functioning on a daily basis for a month or
more. We are pursuing both substantive and methodological research
questions with these data. Our lab collaborates with the lab of Niall Bolger at
Our current study, the Exam Preparation Study asks college students to
report on their lives while they prepare for challenging academic tests.
- A.B. St Louis (Philosophy) 1972
- Ph.D. Chicago (Quantitative Psychology) 1976
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Representative Methodologic Publications
Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass
correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological
Bulletin, 86, 420-428.
Shrout, P. E., & Newman, S. (1989). Design of two-phase prevalence
surveys of rare disorders. Biometrics, 45, 549-555.
Shrout, P. E., & Parides, M. (1992). Conventional factor analysis
as an approximation to latent trait models for dichotomous data. International
of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 2: 55-65.
Shrout, P. E. (1993). Analyzing consensus in personality judgments: A
variance components approach. Journal of Personality,
Shrout, P. E. (1995). Measuring the degree of consensus in personality
judgments. In P. E. Shrout & S. T. Fiske (Eds.), Advances in
personality research, methods and theory: A festschrift honoring Donald
W. Fiske, (pp. 79-92). Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates.
Shrout, P. E. (1997). Should significance tests be banned? Psychological
Science., 8, 1-2.
Shrout, P. E., & Link, B. G. (1998). Mathematical modeling and
simulation in studies of stress and adversity. In B. P. Dohrenwend
(Ed.), Adversity, stress and psychopathology. (pp.427-437) New
York: Oxford University Press.
Shrout, P. E. (1998). Measurement reliability and agreement in
psychiatry. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 7,
Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and
nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological
Methods, 7(4), 422-445.
Cranford, J. A., Shrout, P. E., Iida, M., Rafaeli, E., Yip, T., &
Bolger, N. (2006). A procedure for evaluating sensitivity to
within-person change: Can mood measures in diary studies detect change
reliably? Personality and Social
Psychology Bulletin, 32(7), 917-929.
Green, A. S., Rafaeli, E., Bolger, N., Shrout, P. E. & Reis, H.T.
(2006). Paper or plastic? Data equivalence in paper and
electronic diaries. Psychological
Methods, 11(1), 87-105.
Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2007). Accounting for statistical
dependency in longitudinal data on Dyads. In Little, T. D.,
Bovaird, J. A. & Card, N. A. (Eds.). Modeling ecological and contextual effects
in longitudinal studies of human development (pp. 285-298).
Mahwah, NJ: LEA.
Shrout, P.E., Alegria, M., Canino, G., Guarnaccia, P., Vega, W.A.,
Duan, N., & Cao, Z. (2008). Testing language effects in
psychiatric epidemiology surveys with randomized experiments: Results
from NLAAS. American Journal
of Epidemiology, 168(3), 345-352.
Shrout, P. E., & Napier, J. L. (2011).
Analyzing survey data with complex sampling designs. In K. H.
Trzesniewski, M. B. Donnellan & R. E. Lucas (Eds.), Secondary data analysis: An introduction
for psychologists. (pp. 63-81). Washington, DC, US: American
Shrout, P. E. (2011). Integrating causal analysis into
psychopathology research. In P.E. Shrout, K. Keyes, & K.
Ornstein, (Eds.), Causality
and psychopathology: Finding the determinants of disorders and their
cures. (pp. 3-24), New York: Oxford University Press.
Ledgerwood, A., & Shrout, P. E. (2011). The trade-off between
accuracy and precision in latent variable models of mediation
processes. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, doi:10.1037/a0024776.
Shrout, P. E. & Lane, S. P. (in press). Reliability. In (Cooper et.
al., Eds). Handbook of Research
Methods in Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological
Representative Substantive Publications
Shrout, P. E., Link, B. G., Dohrenwend, B. P., Skodol, A. E.,
Stueve, A., & Mirotznik, J. (1989). Characterizing life events as
risk factors for depression: The role of fateful loss events. Journal
Abnormal Psychology, 98, 460-467.
Dohrenwend, B. P., Levav, I., Shrout, P. E., Schwartz, S., Naveh, G.,
Link, B. G., Skodal, A. E., & Stueve, A. (1992). Socioeconomic
status and psychiatric disorders: A test of the social causation-social
selection issue. Science, 255: 946-952.
Canino, G., Shrout, P.E., Alegria, M., Rubio Stipec, M., Chavez, L.,
Ribera, J., Bravo, M., Bauermeister, J. J., Fabregas, L., Horwath, S.,
& Martinez-Taboas, A. (2002). Methodological challenges in
assessing children's mental health services utilization. Mental
Health Services Research, 4(2), 97-107.
Kennedy, J.K., Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2002). Witnessing
interparental psychological aggression in childhood: Implications for
daily conflict in adult intimate relationships. Journal of
Personality, 70(6), 1051-1077.
Gleason, M. E. J., Iida, M., Bolger, N. & Shrout, P.E. (2003).
Daily supportive equity in close relationships. Personality and
Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(6), 1036-1045.
Canino, G., Shrout, P.E., Rubio-Stipec, M., Bird, H.R., Bravo,M.,
Ramírez, R., Chavez,L., Alegría, M., Bauermeister, J.J., Hohmann, A.,
Ribera,J., García, P., Martínez-Taboas, A . (2004) DSM-IV Rates of
Child and Adolescent Disorders in Puerto Rico: Prevalence, Correlates,
Service Use and the Effects of Impairment. Archives of General
Psychiatry, 61(1), 85-93.
Seidman, G., Shrout, P. E. & Bolger, N. (2006). Why is
Enacted Social Support Associated with Increased Distress? Using
Simulation to Test Two Possible Sources of Spuriousness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,
Shrout, P. E., Herman, C. & Bolger, N. (2006). The Costs and
Benefits of Practical and Emotional Support on Adjustment: A Daily
Diary Study of Couples Experiencing Acute Stress. Personal Relationships, 13(1):
Bird, H. R., Shrout, P. E., Davies, M., Canino, G., Duarte, C. S.,
& Shen, S. et al. (2007). Longitudinal development of antisocial
behaviors in young and early adolescent Puerto Rican children at two
sites. Journal of the American
Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(1), 5-14.
Gleason, M. E. J., Iida, M., Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2008).
Receiving support as a mixed blessing: Evidence for dual effects of
support on psychological outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 94, 824-838.
Iida, M., Seidman, G., Shrout, P.E., Fujita, K. & Bolger, N.
(2008). Modeling support provision in intimate
relationships. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 94(3): 460-478.
Shrout, P.E., Bolger, N., Iida, M., Burke, C., Gleason, M.E.J., &
Lane, S.P. (2010). The Effects of Daily Support Transactions During
Acute Stress: Results From a Diary Study of Bar Exam Preparation.
In K. T. Sullivan and J. Davila (Eds.), Support Processes in Intimate Relationships
(pp. 175-199), New York: Oxford University Press.
Kappes, H. B., & Shrout, P. E. (2011). When goal sharing produces
support that is not caring. Personality
Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(5), 662-673.
CV is available as PDF Document.
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I teach doctoral courses, Intermediate Statistics, Advanced
Regression Models, Analysis of Change, Psychometric Theory and
Structural Equation Methods. Recent syllabuses are available here.
Patrick E. Shrout
Professor of Psychology
Department of Psychology
New York University
6 Washington Place, Room 455
New York, NY 10003
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