[Scott Barry Kaufman is now at the University of Pennsylvania.]

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology


I’m interested in the nature, measurement, and development of intelligence, creativity, imagination and personality. I like to apply a variety of perspectives to come to a richer understanding and appreciation of all kinds of minds and way of achieving greatness. Recently, I proposed The Theory of Personal Intelligence, where I (a) try to integrate research on psychometric intelligence with experimental work on spontaneous cognition, and (b) take into account an individual's personal goals, developmental trajectory, and unique constellation of personal characteristics.

Research interests include intelligence testing, conceptions of giftedness, prodigies, prodigious savants, people with schizotypy and autism spectrum disorder, late bloomers, individual differences in humor production, mating intelligence, the evolution of creativity, and the philosophy of creativity. From 2009-2010, I was was a postdoctoral fellow at the Center Leo Apostel for Interdisciplinary Studies, Free University of Brussels.

I am co-founder of The Creativity Post, and I write the blog Beautiful Minds for Scientific American Mind. I am also on the editorial board of two open-access scientific journals: BioMed Central (BMC) Psychology (section editor) and Journal of Intelligence. I am the recipient of the 2011 Daniel E. Berlyne Award from Division 10 of the American Psychological Association for outstanding research on the arts, aesthetics, and creativity by a junior scholar.

To learn more, go to http://www.scottbarrykaufman.com.

Courses Taught: Cognitive PsychologyHuman Intelligence 

Ph.D., Yale University, 2009 
M. Phil, University of Cambridge, 2005 
B.S., Carnegie Mellon University, 2003
Selected Publications


Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined

The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice (Editor)

Mating Intelligence Unleashed: The Role of the Mind in Sex, Dating, and Love (with Glenn Geher)

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence (Editor, with Robert J. Sternberg)

The Psychology of Creative Writing (Editor, with James C. Kaufman)

The Philosophy of Creativity (in preparation with Elliot Samuel Paul)



Kaufman, S.B., Reynolds, M.R., Liu, X., Kaufman, A.S., & McGrew, K.S. (2012). Are cognitive 
            g and academic achievement g one and the same g? An exploration on the Woodcock-Johnson
            and Kaufman tests. Intelligence, 40, 123-138.

Kaufman, S.B., DeYoung, C.G., Reis, D.L., & Gray, J.R. (2011). General intelligence predicts reasoning 
            ability even for evolutionarily familiar content. Intelligence, 39, 311-322.

Kaufman, S.B. (2011). Intelligence and the cognitive unconscious. In R.J. Sternberg & 
            S.B. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence (pp. 442-467)New York, NY: 
            Cambridge University Press.

Geher, G., & Kaufman, S.B. (2011). Mating intelligence. To appear in R.J. 
            Sternberg & S.B. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence (pp. 603-622). New York, NY: 
            Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, S.B., DeYoung, C.G., Gray, J.R., & Jimenéz, L., Brown, J.B., & Mackintosh, N. 
            (2010). Implicit learning as an ability, Cognition, 116, 321-340. 

Brown, J.B., Aczel, B., Jimenéz, L., Kaufman, S.B., Mackintosh, N., & Plaisted, K. 
            (2010). Intact implicit learning in autism spectrum conditions. Quarterly Journal of 
Experimental Psychology, 1, 1-24.

Geher, G., O’Brien, D.T., Gallup, A.C., Kaufman, S.B., & Garcia, J.R. (2010). 
            Self-perceived mating intelligence predicts sexual behavior in college students: 
            Empirical validation of a theoretical construct. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality,
            29, 341-362.

Kaufman, S.B. (2009). Beyond general intelligence: The dual-process theory of human 
intelligence. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yale University.

Kaufman, S.B., DeYoung, C.G., Gray, J.R., Brown, J., & Mackintosh, N. (2009). Associative 
            learning predicts intelligence above and beyond working memory and processing speed. 
            Intelligence, 37, 374-382.

Kaufman, S.B. (2007). Sex differences in mental rotation and spatial visualization ability: 
            can they be accounted for by differences in working memory capacity? 
            Intelligence, 35, 211-223.

Kaufman, S.B., & Singer, J.L.  (2004). Applying the theory of successful intelligence to 
            psychotherapy training and practice. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality,
            23, 325-355.


Kaufman, S.B. (in press). Opening up Openness to Experience: A four-factor model and 
            relations to creative achievement in the arts and sciences. Journal of Creative Behavior.

Kaugman, J.C., Kaufman, S.B., & Lichtenberger, E.O. (2011). Finding creative potential on 
            intelligence tests via divergent production. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 26, 83-106.

Gabora, L., & Kaufman, S.B. (2011). Evolutionary approaches to creativity. 
            In R.J. Sternberg & J.C. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity (pp. 279-300). 
            New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, S.B. (2009). Faith in intuition is associated with decreased latent inhibition in a 
            sample of high achieving adolescents. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and 
the Arts, 3 , 28-34.

Kaufman, S.B., & Kozbelt, A. (2009). The tears of a clown: Understanding comedy writers. 
            In S.B. Kaufman & J.C. Kaufman (Eds.), The Psychology of Creative Writing . 
            Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, S.B., & Sternberg, R.J. (2008). Conceptions of giftedness. In S. Pfeiffer (Ed.), 
            Handbook of giftedness in children: Psycho-educational theory, research, and 
            best practices (pp. 71-92). New York, NY: Plenum.

Kaufman, S.B., Kozbelt, A., Bromley, M.L., & Miller, G.F. (2008). The role of creativity 
            and humor in human mate selection. In G. Geher & G. Miller (Eds.), Mating intelligence: 
            Sex, relationships, and the mind’s reproductive system (pp. 227-262). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Kaufman, S.B., Christopher, E.M. & Kaufman, J.C. (2008). The genius portfolio: How do poets
            earn their creative reputations from multiple products?, Empirical Studies of 
the Arts, 26, 181-196.

Kaufman, S.B., Christopher, E.M, & Kaufman, J.C. (2007). Ten years to expertise, ten more to greatness:  
            An investigation of modern writers, Journal of Creative Behavior, 41, 114-124.

Kaufman, S.B. (2007). Genius. In C.R. Reynolds & Fletcher-Janzen, E. (Eds). Encyclopedia of 
Special Education (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Wiley.

Kaufman, S.B., & Sternberg, R.J. (2007). Giftedness in the Euro-American culture. In S.N. 
            Phillipson & M. McCann (Eds.), Conceptions of giftedness: Socio-cultural 
perspectives (pp. 377-413). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.